Transition of female’s organism from reproductive period to the decrease of ovarian function and cessation of menses is conventionally called climax or menopause.
Climax comes at the age of 45-50 years. Physiologic (normal) course of climax may be complicated with the development of climacteric syndrome, occurring in 10-70% of women of this age. Such a big difference in the incidence of climacteric syndrome is caused by the absence of reliable and objective signs, which makes possible to precisely diagnose this pathologic state.
In the majority of women clinical manifestations of climacteric syndrome are vegetative-vascular, psycho-emotional disorders and periodically occurring “hot flashes”, followed by sensation of heat in the facial area, upper part of the trunk, perspiration, anxiety, dizziness, stiffed respiration, accelerate heart beat rate. Together with this, in females sleep disorders, depression, apprehensiveness, emotional lability, headache, irritation, increased nervousness, tinnitus, deterioration of memory, constipations are noted.
”Hot flashes” and mentioned-above sensations are observed in the form of attacks, lasting from 30 seconds to 2 minutes. As a rule, attacks are followed by redness of skin with local elevation of skin temperature by 2-4 degrees. Depending on incidence of attacks and expressiveness of “hot flashes”, mild, moderate and severe forms of climacteric syndrome are distinguished.
In the treatment of climacteric syndrome, medicinal therapy as well as non-medicinal one is used, they allow to decrease incidence and severity of attacks and to normalize functions of endocrine and nervous systems.